Yonkers is the fourth most populous city in the state of New York (behind New York City, Buffalo and Rochester), and the most populous city in Westchester County, with a population of 195,976 (according to the 2010 Census). Yonkers borders the New York City borough of The Bronx and is 2 miles north of Manhattan at the cities' closest points.
After World War II, with increased competition from less expensive imports, Yonkers lost much of its manufacturing activity. With the loss of jobs in the city itself, Yonkers (predominantly the east side) became primarily a residential city and some neighborhoods of the city, such as Crestwood, became popular with wealthy New Yorkers wishing to live outside the city but not in an entirely suburban environment. Yonkers' excellent transportation infrastructure, including three commuter railroad lines (now two, the Harlem and Hudson Lines) and five parkways and thruways, as well as its 15-minute drive from Manhattan and picturesque "period" homes and apartments, made it a desirable city in which to live.
The city is home to several attractions, including the Hudson River Museum, Cross County Shopping Center, Ridge Hill Shopping Center and Yonkers Raceway at Empire City. Yonkers Raceway includes a harness racing track and clubhouse, along with legalized video slot machine gambling. There is also many large shopping areas along Central Park Ave (NY 100), informally called “Central Ave” by residents.
Yonkers has the eighth-highest rate of public transit ridership among cities in the United States. It has four Hudson Line Metro-North Railroad stations providing commuter service to New York City: Ludlow, Yonkers, Glenwood and Greystone. The Yonkers station is also served by Amtrak. Several Harlem Line stations are on or very near the city's eastern border. These include Wakefield, Mt. Vernon West, Fleetwood, Bronxville, Tuckahoe and Crestwood. Bus service is provided by the Westchester County Bee-Line Bus System, and an MTA Bus Company express route to Manhattan.