Cortlandt Manor is a village inside the Town of Cortland in the northwestern corner of Westchester County. The Town is bounded on the west by the Hudson River, the north by Putnam County, the east by the Town of Yorktown and on the south by the Towns of New Castle and Ossining. Cortlandt includes two incorporated villages, Croton-on-Hudson and Buchanan and several hamlets including Crugers, Verplanck, Montrose and Cortlandt Manor. The Hudson River, the New York City Watershed Lands, numerous wooded hills and steep slopes, wetland areas and streams define the rural character of the Town.
With a total area of 34.5 square miles and an estimated 2010 population of about 41,592 persons, the unincorporated Town of Cortlandt composition in relation to the County remains constant. Although much less densely populated than the county as a whole, Cortlandt's population density is slightly higher than the average for the North County communities. With the exception of the older industrial City of Peekskill and the industrial section of the Village of Buchanan and some areas along the River, development in the North County area is predominantly residential. Community character ranges from suburban to semi-rural. Rugged terrain, large public water reservoirs, and heavily wooded areas characterize the area.
The majority of the principal roadways and all the railroad lines in Westchester run north to south, following the orientation of the river valleys. Residential development has historically followed this pattern, spreading north as densities increased in the South and Central County areas. Over all journey-to-work patterns are also primarily north to south because of the concentration of employment centers in New York City and southern and central Westchester. Within the Town of Cortlandt, however, travel patterns are often east west to access major traffic arterials. Commuter service to New York City is available via the Cortlandt train station and the Croton-Harmon train station, served by Metro-North Railroad. U.S. Route 9 passes through the town along the Hudson River side.
There are four schools in Cortlandt Manor, NY including 3 public schools and one private school. Cortlandt Manor public schools belong to two districts, Hendrick Hudson Central School District and Lakeland Central School District. There are two Cortlandt Manor elementary schools, two middle schools and one high school.